Pseudotumor Cerebri, also called benign intracranial hypertension or idiopathic intracranial hypertension, is a condition in which the pressure inside the skull increases without any obvious reason. Most commonly, it affects obese women of childbearing age.
Most of the symptoms are related to:
1. Increased intracranial pressure.
2. Papilledema: a swelling around the optic disc (the site of entry of the optic nerve to the eyeball). It occurs due to increase in the intracranial pressure.
Symptoms of pseudotumor cerebri include:
- Symptoms due to increased intracranial pressure:
2. Pulsatile tinnitus: ringing sound in the ears which are synchronous with the pulse.
3. Double vision.
4. Nausea and vomiting.
- Symptoms due to papilledema:
2. Blurring of vision.
3. Having a difficulty to look to the sides.
How is pseudotumor cerebri diagnosed ?
- Fundus examination: a doctor will examine the patient's eye to confirm the presence of papilledema.