Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common cause of peripheral nerve compression. It occurs when the median nerve is compressed during its passage in the carpal tunnel which is present at the wrist.
Here is a diagram of the anatomy of the wrist:
Who are more liable to have carpal tunnel syndrome ?
- Computer users.
- Pregnant women (especially those who are in the third trimester).
- Obese individuals.
- Females are more liable than males.
- Women who are taking oral contraceptive pills.
- Menopausal women.
What are the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome ?
Symptoms include tingling and pain in the hand and/or forearm. The pain of carpal tunnel syndrome does NOT affect the little finger.
Feeling of weakness in the hands can occur.
How to get rid of carpal tunnel syndrome ?
Application of cold packs can relief the swelling. Splinting of the wrist in extension while sleeping can relief the symptoms.
Besides, the doctor can inject corticosteroids into the carpal tunnel.
Surgical decompression of the carpal tunnel is the definitive treatment. It is usually done as an outpatient procedure under local anesthesia.
Note: Pregnant women having carpal tunnel syndrome are usually relieved after childbirth.