Welcome ! I'm Dr. Ahmad and I will be pleased to offer help.. email me: ad_icare@yahoo.com أهلا و سهلا: يسعدنا إنضمامك لنا من خلال صفحتنا على الفيس بوك: استشارة صحية

Symptoms Of Stomach Cancer

Monday, 11 June 2012

Stomach cancer symptoms can lack specificity in the early course of the disease. This may cause the patient to ignore these vague symptoms till the disease becomes advanced which will then present with more obvious symptoms.

As its name suggests, stomach cancer is a neoplastic cancerous growth involving part or the whole of the stomach. The image below illustrates the 4 divisions of the stomach: Fundus, Body, Antrum, Pyloris.


Risk factors that increases likelihood of stomach cancer:

1. Factors related to nutrition:
- Salted meat or fish.
- High complex-carbohydrate ingestion.
- Low fat or protein ingestion.

2. Helicobacter pylori infection.

3. Smoking.

4. Male gender.

5. Previous gastric surgery.

Symptoms of stomach cancer:
As mentioned above, the diagnosis of stomach cancer is usually delayed due to the delay in seeking medical attention because of mild and vague symptoms which include:
- Dyspepsia (or indigestion, discomfort in the upper abdomen, painful digestion).
- Anorexia, asthenia, anemia, weight loss.
- Epigastric mass.

These symptoms rarely get proper attention which causes further delay in making the diagnosis.
However, in late cases a patient may present with signs of metastasis (spread of cancer) to the liver and lymph nodes (especially the left supraclavicular lymph node).

If detected early stomach cancer can be a curable disease. Treatment at this stage will mainly depend on removal of the stomach (or part of it) that contains the malignant growth.

Take care: Dyspepsia occuring in any individual above 40 years old should be taken seriously especially if medications are not effective enough to relief it. Investigations must be done thoroughly to exclude the presence of stomach cancer.

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Aplastic anemia and Lupus

Friday, 8 June 2012

Q. "Is Aplastic anemia linked to Lupus ?"

Ans. Yes, both diseases are auto-immune disorders (which means that they occur because the immune system decides to attack the healthy body cells). Auto-immune diseases are caused by defective genes which can run in families. So it is normal to find that these diseases are affecting more than one in a single family.
In fact, aplastic anemia is a rare but serious complication of systemic lupus erythematosus. Aplastic anemia may pass unnoticed in many lupus patients because lupus itself may cause peripheral destruction of formed blood cells. So any lupus patient suffering from severe pancytopenia (decreased red blood cells, decreased white blood cells and decreased platelets) should get checked to exclude the presence of aplastic anemia.

What is aplastic anemia ?
It is when the bone marrow fails or is suppressed to form all blood cells including red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. People with aplastic anemia will suffer because of the deficiency of each of these blood elements in the form of:
- Skin pallor, fatique, palpitations (due to low RBC's).
- Fever and infections (due to low WBC's).
- Hemorrhage and bleeding tendency (due to low platelets).

 

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